Pruning is necessary to promote good plant health, remove damaged limbs, encourage new growth and maintain shape. There are five basic pruning cuts, each aimed at producing a different effect:
To produce more or better blossom and fruits.
To develop or maintain the desired size, shape, and appearance. Most of us have small gardens. Prune to save room for an interesting variety of plants and to keep trees from becoming leggy.
To re-establish a balance between root and branch systems after transplanting.
To train a young plant. Pruning now to encourage balanced, open growth saves effort later.
To rejuvenate, older, neglected trees. Removal of old, overcrowded stems or limbs encourages the growth of vigorous young ones.
The principal reasons for pruning are:
To maintain health – regular removal of dead or diseased wood keeps plants healthy. Maintenance pruning includes removal of dense growth to let light and air reach the inner and lower stems.
To repair injury – damaged wood is an open invitation to disease-causing organisms.
When to Prune your Fruit Trees
There are two times of the year when pruning is essential: summer and winter.
When the tree is dormant from late November until early February (when all the leaves have fallen from the tree) For stone fruits, Cherries, Plums Peaches, Nectarines and Apricots this should be left until the sap starts to rise (mid-March).
Mid-August. Espalier, Fan and Cordon fruit trees. Prune back all new growth to 2-3 buds. This will encourage fruit bud development and maintain the shape of the tree. Some summer pruning can be done on fruit bushes to allow light and air into the tree to help the fruits develop.
“It was great to work with 4th Corner from beginning to end. Amanda and the team went above and beyond to understand what we were hoping to create in the therapies garden at the hospital and helped us accomplish this…
Charity Co-ordinator Northamptonshire Health Charitable Fund
I would highly recommend Julian and his team as we have had no problems whilst they have worked for us I could always just call Julian or his supervisor with any queries and any issues were always resolved quickly. For…
Estate Manager, Buckingham Town Council
“My main reason for recommending 4th Corner is because if there is an issue, they always email me back immediately with pictures taken from sites, and provide dates of attendance and a short reports of the specific work undertaken”This allows…
“As we have been sitting on our balcony this summer we have noticed the tidiness of the gardens opposite, by the large car park, and the good work of the current gardeners. The grass has been beautifully mowed throughout the…
Resident Diglis Water, Worcester, Passed on by our Clients, Mainstay Residential Property Management